Some medications, including prescription ones, can damage your teeth. Medications can cause gum problems such as inflammation, hemorrhage or ulceration. Sick gums can lead to other dental problems, including tooth loss.
Some of these drugs are:
Antihistamines: These can cause dry mouth problems and an increased risk of gum problems;
Antihypertensives: may lead to an increased risk of gum problems;
Aspirin: Aspirin chew can directly damage tooth enamel because this drug is extremely acidic. Always take aspirin strictly according to directions. The tablets should be swallowed whole with water, not placed next to a tooth;
Asthma medications: Some asthma medications are very acidic and can dissolve tooth enamel if they are not used regularly for a long period of time;
Chemotherapy drugs: can cause dry mouth and lead to increased risk of gum problems;
Immunosuppressants: These medications can lead to an increased risk of gum problems;
Oral contraceptives: can lead to an increased risk of gum problems;
Cough syrup: Medicated syrups that contain sugar can increase the risk of cavities if the teeth are not brushed after consumption.
Some medications can cause thickening of the gums and develop on the teeth. This condition is called gingival hyperplasia. Medications related to an increased risk of gingival hyperplasia include epilepsy medications, cyclosporine (transplant rejection medication), certain blood pressure medications, and calcium channel blockers.
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or dentist to see if the medications you are taking may be harmful to your teeth.